Avocado or Persea Americana refers to a tree that originates from south-central Mexico and is a flowering species of the family Lauraceae. There are various types of avocado grown throughout the globe. Out of those many types, mexicola avocado is also the one. The mexicola avocado refers to a popular cold-hardy variety of avocados. This category of avocados is hardy and vigorous species from the North region of Mexican highlands.
The mexicola avocado grows on trees. These trees of mexicola can grow up to 15 to 20 feet tall with a width of approximately 5 to 8 feet. This tree produces a bounty of 30 pounds of delicious and wholesome avocados annually within a short period, that is, in just a few years. The fruit ripens from August to October. The mexicola avocado is a fast-growing tree and is also cold tolerant to even 18 or 20-degree Celcius temperatures growing quite tall.
Mexicola Avocado Care
There are several uses that the mexicola avocado offers as a whole. The mexicola avocado is a high-quality and frost-hardy category of avocados. The fruits produced from the mexicola tree exhibit shiny black-purple skin. The tree also contains fragrant leaves and super quality flesh. To get the most out of the mexicola, the care of the tree is of utmost importance.
The optimum conditions required for the growth of the mexicola avocado tree includes sun and shade conditions. Now, what does that mean? It simply means that the cold-hardy mexicola trees tend to thrive in direct sunlight, getting a minimum of six hours of unfiltered and direct sunlight per single day. However, the tree can also survive and grow in partial sunlight or shade. The only difference will be that many fruits are produced during direct sunlight, whereas few fruits are during the partial shade. These trees are upright and vigorous.
Mexicola Avocado Types
There are several kinds of avocado consumed by individuals throughout the globe. The main classification of avocados types A and type B. Now, what does that mean?
Avocados belonging to type A bloom with their female reproductive parts first and the blooming occurs during the morning. On the contrary, type B flowers also bloom during the morning but during their male-dominant phase.
The type A avocados involve around 11 types or varieties. Avocados belonging to the A category include Hass, Wilma aka Brazos Belle, Brodgon, Winter Mexican, Zutano, Sir Prize, Joey, Pinkerton, Reed, Lamb Hass, Carmen Hass, Gwen, Mexicola grande, Stewart, Holiday, Del Rio, Opal aka Lila, Fuerte, Bacon etc. Both type A and B examples include Wurtz or “Little Cado”.
There are three races of Avocados, which is, Mexican, West Indian and Guatemalan. Each of the three has distinctive features; cross-pollination allows the development of unlimited varieties. Mexicola Grande cultivar is of the Mexican race of avocados.
Mexicola Avocado Pruning
The avocado tree grown as a houseplant should not be treated; differently than the ordinary trees grown outdoors. Therefore pruning of avocado trees indoors is quite similar. To trim an avocado tree, start with trimming off the tallest branch from the tree. It is then followed; by the trimming of the next tallest branch of the tree. The step mentioned above is to manage the height of the tree.
Now, what to do for the width of the Mexicola avocado tree? To manage the width of the tree, always begin with the largest branch first and work the similar way each year with another branch. However, in either of the cases, while pruning an avocado tree, remember not to remove more than one-third portion of the branch. What is the best time for the pruning of an avocado tree? It is not specific until the individual pruning it is doing it right.
Mexicola Avocado Growth Rate
The advantage of growing a Mexicola avocado tree besides any other avocado tree is it is suitable to plant for both warm and cold climates. As mentioned earlier, the Mexicola tree can even exist and survive in temperatures lower than 20 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter. For this reason, the mexicola tree is known as a cold-hardy avocado variety. The growth rate of an avocado tree is usually considered a faster one. However, some optimum conditions are necessary for the tree to exhibit a fair rate of growth. What are those conditions?
Those conditions involve watering only once a week and not allowing the soil to get soggy and damage the roots. The soils preferred by this tree to grow are well-drained, with a preference for sandy or loamy soils. While the soils in which the tree goes poor are the clay soils. Fertilization is yet another factor in the growth of this tree.